11. Sınıf İngilizce 6. Ünite Konu Anlatımı Çalışma Kağıdı Test ve Etkinlikler

11. sınıf ingilizce 6. ünite konu anlatımı, çalışma kağıdı, test, etkinlikler, worksheet, kelime quizi, konu özeti ve kazanımları ingilizceciyiz.com’da. 11.sınıf ingilizce 6.tema kelime etkinlikleri çalışma kağıtları ve daha fazlasını sayfamızda bulabilirsiniz.


11. Sınıf İngilizce 6. Ünite Kazanımları Konuları




1. Expressing degrees of certainty in the past

2. Expressing the criticism for the events in the past



E11.6.L1. Students will be able to find out the speakers’ moods and purposes (deduction or criticism) by using the contextual clues in a recorded text or video.


E11.6.P1. Students will be able to practice the pronunciation of “contraction in past modals”.

Eg. could have – could’ve


E11.6.S1. Students will be able to criticize an action in the past.

E11.6.S2. Students will be able to express their inferences from the results of events in the past.


E11.6.R1. Students will be able to draw conclusions for the past events in a text.


E11.6.W1. Students will be able to write a letter to criticize an event/organization.


You should have done your homework.

I could have studied more for the exam.

They could’ve been nicer to the new student.

He must have sent the letter to a wrong address.

She might have gone to downtown.

I could have been hurt more badly, thank God I wasn’t.

You should have been more patient in the traffic jam yesterday.

11. Sınıf İngilizce 6. Ünite Konuları Kazanımları İndir

11. Sınıf İngilizce 6. Ünite Konu Anlatımı




When we know that something happened in the past, we use a normal past tense. (He did, I saw them, etc.)

If we are not completely sure, we use a modal (must, may, might, could + have). The choice of modal depends on the degree of certainty, as in the following table.

almost certain 95%
50% (possible)
possible but unlikely highly unlikely  
0% impossibility
past simple
must have
could have
might/ may have  
can’t/couldn’t have
past simple negative
She knew.
We must have arrived.
She could have forgotten.
We might/may have made a mistake.
You can’t have lost it.
He didn’t know.

EXERCISE A. The following sentences are about an escaped criminal. Rewrite them using a modal from the above table, as in the example.

Example: It is almost certain that he left before breakfast.               

                  He must have left before breakfast.

  1. It is highly unlikely that he carried the gold by himself.
  • He has almost certainly been spotted by the police by now.
  • It is possible but unlikely that he headed towards London.
  • It is almost certain that he realised how serious it was.
  • It is highly unlikely that he thought things through clearly.
  • Possibly he escaped by boat.
  • It’s quite likely that he made contact with his friends.


1 He can’t / couldn’t have carried the gold by himself.

2. He must have been spotted by the police by now.

3. He might have headed towards London.

4.  He must have realized how serious it was.

5.  He can’t / couldn’t have thought things through clearly.

6.  He could have escaped by boat.

7.  He may have made contact with his friends.


We use should/ought to + have + past participle (V3) to talk about an obligation in the past. It often indicates

some criticism.

– Tina should have asked me before she took my mobile. (I’m annoyed)

– You cough terribly. You shouldn’t have walked in the rain. I mean you should have taken a taxi.

EXERCISES B. Which sentence, (a) or (b), comes after the given one.

1. I don’t know why he didn’t come to the art exhibition.

a) He might have liked it.                                  b) He might like it.

2. Nobody knows where the bicycles have gone.

a) They might have been stolen.                                    B) They might be stolen.

3. Don’t throw away the rest of the chicken.

a) Mom may have used it for dinner.                 b) Mom may use it for dinner.

4. I wish I had seen my brother’s performance in the school choir.

a) He must have played really well.                   b) He must play well.

5. He had a beautiful smile on his face.

a) He can’t have had the bad news.                    b) He can’t have the bad news.

6. I was so angry with you.

a) You should have left a note for me.               b) You should leave a note for me.

7. The director is shouting.

a) He must have been very angry.                      b) He must be very angry.

8. Oh,no! Not again. Where are my keys?

a) I might have left them on the table.                b) I might leave them on the table.

EXERCISE C. Rewrite the sentences using the modals below.

could have / should have / can’t have / must have / shouldn’t have

1. It was certain that Amanda suffered from anxiety when she was a teenage girl.

Amanda must have suffered from anxiety when she was a teenage girl.

2. It was possible that Mike sent you these roses.

Ron ________________________________________________________________

3. Seeing a physician was the right thing to do, but she didn’t.

She _________________________________________________________________

4. It was not possible that you saw the maths teacher.

You ________________________________________________________________

5. I am sure that Linda didn’t take the lift to the fifth floor; she’s claustrophobic.

Linda _______________________________________________________________

6. I am annoyed that you took my mobile phone without asking my permission.

You _________________________________________________________________

7. The interns probably stayed back at work yesterday.

The interns ____________________________________________________________

11. Sınıf İngilizce 6. Ünite Konu Anlatımı ve Çalışma Kağıdı Worksheet İndir

11. Sınıf İngilizce 5. Ünite Kelime Etkinlikleri – Quizi


A. Choose the correct Turkish meaning (15×2=30p.)

A. Choose the correct Turkish meaning (15×2=30p.)

  1. Complain
    a) ceza vermek b) şikayet etmek c) kopya çekmek d) dilekçe yazmak
  2. Patient
    a) ümitli b) heyecanlı c) sabırlı d) sağlıklı
  3. Respect
    a) rica etmek b) ikna etmek c) küçük görmek d) saygı duymak
  4. Downtown
    a) şehir merkezi b) kasaba c) ülke d) mahalle
  5. Immediately
    a) önce b) sonra c) kısa zamanda d) geçmişte
  6. Advice column
    a) soru köşesi b) tavsiye köşesi c) cevap köşesi d) yazı köşesi
  7. Unbearable
    a) katlanılmaz b) ulaşılmaz c) pahalı d) eşsiz
  8. Inquire
    a) rica etmek b) emir vermek c) üstlenmek d) soruşturmak
  9. Consider
    a) düşünmek b) ödünç vermek c) istemek d) rica etmek
  10. Decision
    a) talep b) öneri c) rica d) karar
  11. Assassinate
    a) aramak b) suikast yapmak c) sorgulamak d) temin etmek
  12. Claim
    a) tahmin etmek b) düşünmek c) iddia etmek d) inanmak
  13. Crew
    a) inşaatçı b) mürettebat c) mimar d) mühendis
  14. Unemployed
    a) işveren b) işçi c) işsiz d) iş
  15. Survive
    a) hayatta kalmak b) onurlandırmak c) satın almak d) ödünç almak

B. Choose the correct English meaning (15×2=30p.)

  1. Koltuk
    a) sit b) chair c) aisle d) seat
  2. Huzurlu
    a) careful b) hopeful c) boring d) peaceful
  3. Eleştirmek
    a) ask b) criticize c) provide d) offer
  4. Samimi, içten
    a) calm b) tired c) sincere d) respectful
  5. Üstesinden gelmek
    a) overcome b) go out c) decide d) change
  6. Sunmak, arz etmek
    a) deadline b) submit c) keep d) develop
  7. Yüklemek
    a) carry b) continue c) load d) drive
  8. Mücadele, çaba
    a) struggle b) scholar c) strong d) seaside
  9. Hırsız
    a) enemy b) suspect c) fan d) burglar
  10. İşçi, çalışan
    a) employee b) employment c) employer d) unemployment
  11. Fatura, makbuz
    a) receive b) receipt c) receptionist d) receiver
  12. Reddetmek
    a) accept b) realize c) repeat d) refuse
  13. Komşu
    a) relative b) friend c) neighbour d) mate
  14. Dakik
    a) time b) patient c) punctual d) promise
  15. Güverte
    a) ship b) spaceship c) unit d) deck

C. Complete the sentences using the following words (Aşağıdaki kelimeleri kullanarak cümleleri tamamlayınız) (10×4=40p.)

Sort out / Mad / Seat / Unbearable / Downtown / Continue / Assassinated / Complaint / Calm / Advice

1. He was _________________ at traffic and shouted everyone.

2. The young girl didn’t give her _________________ to the old woman on the bus

3. Jane isn’t here. She might have gone to the __________________.

4. If you have a __________________, call the customer service.

5. Have you ever read an ______________________ column? What was written in it?

6. My family were always able to _______________________ my problems

7. I can’t stand living in this city. My life here seems ______________________.

8. You can _________________ your relationship with your previous friends via telephone or the Internet.

9. John F. Kennedy was ______________________ in 1963.

10. Keep ______________ and stay positive.

11.Sınıf İngilizce 6.Ünite Kelime Etkinlikleri Kelime Quizi İndir

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